National Milk Day 2022: Significance, History and Legacy of Dr Verghese Kurien

On 26 November, National Milk Day is well known throughout India in honor of Dr. Verghese Kurien, who’s credited with main the White Revolution. He was a key participant in ‘Operation Flood’, which propelled India’s dairy trade to the standing of the nation’s largest self-sustaining trade.

National Milk Day is well known in India since 2014 below the initiative taken by the Indian Dairy Affiliation (IDA).

significance of the day

In accordance with the Financial Survey of India 2021-2022, India ranks first in milk manufacturing and contributes about 23 p.c to world milk manufacturing. Not solely this, dairy is the only largest agricultural commodity contributing 5 per cent to the nationwide financial system, offering direct employment to over 8 crore farmers.

Milk manufacturing in India has grown at a charge of 6.2 p.c yearly, and all this has been achieved at the moment due to Dr. Verghese Kurien’s initiative to make Indians self-reliant in milk manufacturing. His thought doubled the milk accessible to every particular person and quadrupled milk manufacturing in 30 years. He started producing milk powder from buffalo milk as a substitute of cow’s milk, which was briefly provide in India.

Who was Dr Verghese Kurien?

He was born in Kozhikode, Kerala on 26 November 1921 in a rich Syrian Christian household. Dr. Kurien is named the “Father of White Revolution” in India for main the world’s largest agricultural program Operation Flood.

To repair the costs charged, he helped set up the Delhi Milk Scheme and fashioned 30 organizations that have been managed by farmers and workers. He’s credited with the industrialization of dairy manufacturing and the institution of the Amul model. On account of Dr. Kurien’s work, India overtook the US in 1998 to change into the world’s largest milk producer.

Dr. Kurien has obtained a number of awards together with Krishi Ratna, Ramon Magsaysay Award and World Meals Prize. He has earned the Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan, India’s three highest civilian honours.

What’s ‘Operation Flood’?

Operation Flood, which was launched within the Seventies, has helped dairy farmers handle their very own growth and take possession of the assets they produce. A nationwide milk grid connects milk farmers throughout India to clients in over 700 cities and cities, decreasing seasonal and regional value variations and guaranteeing that producers obtain honest market charges in a constant, clear method.

Village milk producers’ cooperatives, which procure milk, present inputs and companies, and provides members entry to up to date administration and expertise, kind the muse of Operation Flood. The objectives of Operation Flood included:

1. Improve milk manufacturing (‘milk flood’)
2. Improve in rural revenue
3. Affordable value for the customers

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